• Image thanks, Rebekah Blocker, via, Unsplash.

Elephant Legislation

Legislation governing elephants in South Africa + information about existing regulations and norms & standards for elephant welfare, as well as negotiations concerning elephant welfare.

Elephant management is currently (2020) covered mainly by three Acts of Parliament and one set of regulations:

  • National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 2004 (Act No. 10 of 2004) - NEMBA (amended 2009, 2013). “The National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act 10 of 2004 intends: to provide for the management and conservation of South Africa's biodiversity within the framework of the National Environmental Management Act, 1998; the protection of species and ecosystems that warrant national protection; the sustainable use of indigenous biological resources; the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from bioprospecting involving indigenous biological resources; the establishment and functions of a South African National Biodiversity Institute; etc.”
  • Threatened or protected species regulations, 2007 - TOPS.
  • Animals Protection Act, 1962 - APA (amended 1972,1983,1985, 1991, 1993, 1997, 1998). “Aims: to consolidate and amend the laws relating to the prevention of cruelty to animals.”
  • Performing Animals Protection Act, 1935 (amended 1955, 1972, 1983, 1985, 1991, 1998, 2016). “Aims: to regulate the exhibition and training of performing animals.”

Norms and Standards for Management of Elephants in South Africa: Department briefing. Meeting of 14 July, 2020

  • Briefing to the National Council of Provinces committee on Land Reform, Environment, Mineral Resources and Energy "by the Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries on the norms and standards (N&S) that had been developed in line with section 9 of the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (NEMBA), which made specific provisions that would ensure the proper management of elephants in South Africa."
Read the report from this meeting

Animal-visitor interactions: Ethical Reasoning and Participatory Approach Towards Achieving Regulatory Processes For Animal- Visitor Interactions (AVI) In South Africa

  • ECASA’s response to the call by the Minister of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Barbara Creecy, for submissions to a High-Level Panel constituted to review policies, legislation, breeding, hunting, trading, and management of elephants, lions, leopards, and rhinoceroses in captivity.
  • Published: June, 2020
Download this document here